Taking into account that The Vatican is a city formed by one of the most influential religions in the world today; Christianity and, to be more specific, the Catholic Church that has long been growing and reinforcing its foundations on all spheres of society, both cultural, economic and political.
There is no doubt that it is a place where history is marked on its walls and its followers look for more than leaflets to be able to connect their ideas of what this place really shows us.
For those who know the history of Jesus in his books (Matthew, Mark, Luke and John) they can appreciate some of the prophecies that until now have been fulfilled and others are expected to see.
As a word of the son of God is fulfilled, Christians devoted to his faith quote, verbatim what he had said to one of his closest disciples as was the apostle Peter, who suffered the same persecution after his teacher was tortured and crucified for preaching the word of God: “And I also say unto thee, Thou art a pebble, and upon this rocky mass I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not subdue it.”
Matthew 16:18. “It is said that the tomb of the apostle Peter is just below the altar where the veneration of the Vatican began since the second century.”
Being this an important place in the history of the Catholic Church extended its territory in that space, where it would come to be born all bases and its connection with Rome. After the fourth century, the Emperor Constantine built what is now known as the “basilica of St. Peter“, where according to historians, lie the remains of what would be the first pope described by Christian history, place where they began to celebrate papal coronations and pilgrimages.
In the course of time they took up possessions and adjacent lands by means of contributions and conquests to the point that the pontificate was who ruled the city of Rome and other localities.
Construction of the Vatican
In the year 847 the decision was made by Pope Leo IV to build a wall to protect his city against attacks, this mainly covered the Basilica of San Pedro; churches close to it, among the houses and monasteries of those who made life in the city.
After many years where the pope had control of the cities of Italy in 1869, the pontiffs were removed from power to govern the cities of Italy where, the control of the papacy was reduced to the Vatican. It was not until 1929 when the ruler Benito Mussolini decided to end the many claims in which the pontificate of being considered autonomous city in control in all its decisions and consolidated its sovereignty.
Since the antiquity has taken part of great architectural works in the Vatican, where you can highlight the Sistine chapel, decorated with works of the very popular architect Michelangelo; the Stays of Raphael and among others.
There is no doubt that the history of the Vatican has an important part of humanity, in each wall and painting can be detailed characters that today had influence of our reality as we observe.